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Inclusive Growth Analysis Unit

Cities analysis

Patterns of poverty in Greater Manchester neighbourhoods

Terraced street in Manchester
Beetham Tower and canal

In April 2017, the Office for National Statistics (ONS) published a set of model-based estimates of poverty for Middle Layer Super Output Areas in England and Wales in 2013/14.  These estimates can be used to assess differences in the proportion of households in poverty between different areas. This briefing note outlines our initial analysis of the data for Greater Manchester.

The note describes:

  1. The scale of household poverty at neighbourhood level in Greater Manchester and how this compares to averages for England Wales;
  2. How neighbourhoods poverty levels vary across Greater Manchester, focussing in particular on high and low poverty neighbourhoods (those neighbourhoods with some of the highest/lowest household poverty rates in England and Wales).

Residential and labour market connections of deprived neighbourhoods in Greater Manchester and Leeds City Region

Whilst the pattern, and persistence, of deprivation in cities is clear, the evidence on ways to intervene and change these patterns is relatively limited. One reason for this is that the causes of disadvantage vary across local areas – some will have proportionately more lower skilled residents who struggle to compete for employment opportunities; others may be situated on the periphery of the city economy where limited transport links may mean that residents struggle to access opportunities; still others may be experiencing significant population churn.

By looking at the flows of people into and out of deprived neighbourhoods, both in terms of residential mobility and labour market interactions, it is argued that we can better understand the role that these neighbourhoods play in the city region and begin to identify the challenges faced by different neighbourhoods.

The report draws on two neighbourhood typologies to describe the characteristics of the most deprived neighbourhoods in Greater Manchester and Leeds City Region.

Inclusive Growth Monitor: City region comparisons and a focus on Greater Manchester

There is increasing concern in the UK and overseas that disadvantaged groups and areas do not always benefit from economic growth. Evidence shows that growth in the form of additional national income or new jobs does not necessarily 'trickle down' to those most in need, including households experiencing poverty. This has led to calls to better understand the link between growth and poverty as the basis for promoting 'inclusive growth'.

The report Inclusive Growth Monitor: City region comparisons and a focus on Greater Manchester presents a new inclusive growth monitor for measuring the relationship between poverty and growth. This is a prerequisite for developing strategies and interventions to maximise the extent to which growth contributes to poverty reduction.